About Energy

With an energy self-sufficiency rate of only 8% in 2016, Japan has to import most of its energy resources from other countries. Two of the main reasons for the low self-sufficiency rate are the resource scarcity of Japan in general and the abrupt shift in energy policies following the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011 and the Fukushima nuclear disaster. Having relied heavily on nuclear energy production, Japan was forced to shut down virtually all of its reactors after the accident. This meant increased dependence on fossil resources, and the government even planned to construct new coal-fired plants amid the global trend of decarbonisation. Simultaneously, renewable energy production is on the rise, and the government is supporting an increase of renewable energies in the national energy mix.

In its 5th Strategic Energy Plan, the government formally underlined the importance of nuclear energy in Japan and its commitment to regain public trust in nuclear technology. The Fifth Basic Energy Plan calls for nuclear energy to account for 20%-22% of power generation by 2030, with 22%-24% coming from renewable energy sources, while coal's share will be reduced to 26%, LNG's to 27% and oil's to just 3%. The plans aims to reduce Japan's carbon dioxide emissions by 26% by 2030, compared with 2013 levels, and by 80% by 2050. It also aims to raise the country's energy self-sufficiency to about 24% by 2030, compared with just 8% in 2016.

Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry Fifth Strategic Energy Plan, 2018
World Nuclear News, Japanese Cabinet approves new basic energy plan, 2018

Table of Contents

  • Japan Energy Consumption
  • 5th Strategic Energy Plan
  • Renewable Energy
    • Hydroelectricity
    • Solar Power
    • Wind Energy
    • Bio Energy
  • Smart Grid
  • Fossil Fuels
    • Coal
    • Crude Oil
    • Natural Gas
  • Nuclear Energy
    • Cooperation Initiatives with the EU
  • Expert Report
  • Annual Report
  • Further Reading
  • Relevant Organisations and Trade Fairs