Since the early 2000s, the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sport, Science and Technology (MEXT) and the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) have been promoting the “Knowledge Cluster Initiative” and the “Industrial Cluster Project” as a means to reinforce international competitiveness and regional development. Regional cluster plans have been put in place in order to encourage regional innovation and job creation.
The Japanese definition of cluster is quite blurred when compared to the EU one and especially clear examples such as the French “poles de compétitivités” where an independent organisation is supporting and managing cooperation between local companies, universities and R&D centres in their internationalisation activities.
How is Japanese biotech R&D structured, who are the key stakeholders, and how can European SMEs profit and find Japanese partners? Japan spends consistently over 3% of its GDP on R&D, of which some 70
This website and related activities are managed by the EU-Japan Centre for Industrial Cooperation, a joint venture between the European Commission's Directorate-General for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs (DG GROW) and the Japanese Government's Ministry of Economy, Trade & Industry (METI).
No less than 300 web pages with up-to-date information on Japan, more than 170 reports available as well as a lot of detailed information on the Japanese business culture.