Since 2013, Japan’s telecom market size has remained roughly stable (in JPY terms) with revenues hovering between ¥ 13.5n and ¥14.5tn, while 2012 saw total industry revenues fall below ¥13t. Japan’s mobile phone market meanwhile, is dominated by three mobile network operators (MNOs). These are NTT, Softbank, and KDDI, whose market-shares have been historically stable. While most operators own their own infrastructure, mobile virtual network operators (MVNOs) have grown from 5% of Japan’s market in 2014, to nearly 12% in 2019. All three dominant-firms have associated MNVOs.
The complete text of the EPA, and Annexes, incorporating the Articles on fruit and vegetables, can be found on the following website of the European Commission: https://policy.trade.ec.europa.eu/eu-trade-relationships-country-and-region/countries-and-regions/japan/eu-japan-agreement/eu-japan-agreement-chapter-chapter_en
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Picture: Au Mobile Shop Shinjuku, Tokyo
Copyright: public domain
What are the EPA opportunities for EU dairy exporters to Japan?The EPA offers important market access opportunities for EU dairy exporters to Japan. Duties will be gradually phased out for hard
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