Origin is the ‘economic’ nationality of goods traded in commerce. It is the origin that determines the duties and taxes apply to a product when exported abroad. The EU-Japan EPA, which recently entered into force, has established new provisions regarding the Rules of Origins. It is necessary for EU companies to determine whether their products are considered sufficiently linked to their country to benefit from preferential rates of duties under the EU-Japan EPA.
The complete text of the EPA, and Annexes, incorporating the Articles on the Rules of Origin, can be found on the following website of the European Commission: https://policy.trade.ec.europa.eu/eu-trade-relationships-country-and-region/countries-and-regions/japan/eu-japan-agreement/eu-japan-agreement-chapter-chapter_en
EU-Japan EPA & Statement of Origin:
Japanese customs has published information regarding the application in Japan of Article 3.16(3) of the EPA. This information aims at addressing questions raised by importers in Japan and exporters in the EU about additional explanations requested by Japan Customs from importers submitting a claim for preferential tariff treatment under the EU-Japan EPA. http://www.customs.go.jp/roo/english/text/eu-3-16e.htm
Additional clarifications on:
If RoO is a concern for your business then you may be interested to know that, on 26 June, the “Committee on Rules of Origin and Customs-Related Matters” (“CROCRM”) established by the EPA agreed a set of actions to be taken by Japan, a set of actions to be taken by the EU and a set of actions to be taken by both authorities.
You can find the CROCRM agreement online on the Commission website: https://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/sites/taxation/files/26-06-2019-crocrm-eu-japan-epa.pdf
The following webinars have been organised op the topic: