EPA & Human Resources Mobility

About Human Resources Mobility:

Mode Four of GATS* may cover a wide range of persons, from high-level engineers to unskilled workers. In the FTA, Japan mainly commits with respect to highly qualified professionals. Those commitments go substantially beyond Japan’s commitments under the GATS. Japan also has a number of other economic partnership treaties granting access to foreign professionals of various categories.

The complete text of the EPA, and Annexes, can be found on the following website of the European Commission:


Five factsheets have been published on this topic:

In addition, a webinar was organised on this topic:


*The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) define services in four 'modes' of supply: cross-border trade, consumption abroad, commercial presence, and presence of natural persons