R&D

Report: Cluster Mapping in Japan 2016

About the Report

Following a first mapping attempt in 2013, the EU-Japan Centre proceeded, in 2016, with a new screening online in order to identify new clusters and better assess already existing ones identified in 2013. 
Hence, this report suggests that Japan benefits from an important cluster community (at least 52 cluster organisations in 2016), mostly operating in Pharmaceuticals, Biotechnology, Healthcare, Medical and Welfare sectors (28/52), and in other sectors, such as Electronics, Environment, ICT, Automotive and Aerospace.

Revised guidelines for R&D tax credits

METI published revised guidelines for the R&D tax credit scheme, following the 2015 tax reforms of April 2015.  Further information  was added to the Practical Guides section. 

Guidelines for Special R&D costs Tax credit scheme

in May 2015, METI published revised guidelines for the Special R&D costs Tax credit scheme, necessitated by the tax reforms of the Abe government in April 2015.  The Special R&D costs Tax Reduction scheme is one of the R&D tax credit schemes where it is possible to cut part of the costs for experimental research.

In 2015, in order to promote open innovation in enterprises, the Abe Tax Reforms introduced a number of enlargements in this programme:

Checked on: June 2016

About Innovation

In recent years, Japan has established initiatives centred on the advancement of innovation in response to increasing global competition and the growth of emerging countries.

Hokkaido Prefecture

HOKKAIDO PREFECTURE

Main City: Sapporo                                                      

Population: 5,400,000 people, ranking 8/47 prefecture (2014) [1]

Area: 83,456 km[2]

Geographical / Landscape description

Okinawa Prefecture

OKINAWA PREFECTURE

Main City: Naha

Population: 1,413,000 people, ranking 27/47 prefectures (2013) [1]

Area: 2,271 km2 [2]

Geographical / Landscape description

Kagoshima Prefecture

KAGOSHIMA PREFECTURE

Main City: Kagoshima

Population: 1,681,000 people, ranking 24/47 prefectures (2013) [1]

Area: 9,132 km2 [2]

Geographical / Landscape description

Miyazaki Prefecture

MIYAZAKI PREFECTURE

Main City: Miyazaki

Population: 1,121,000 people ranking 36/47 prefecture (2013) [1]

Area: 7,735 km2 [2]

Geographical / Landscape description

Oita Prefecture

OITA PREFECTURE

Main City: Oita

Population: 1,179,000 people, ranking 33/47 prefecture (2013) [1]

Area: 6,339 km2 [2]

Geographical / Landscape description

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