According to the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) definition, Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) are the rights given to a person over their creations. They usually give the creator an exclusive right over the use of his/her creation for a certain period of time. This implies the ownership of:
- Ideas, including literary and artistic (protected by copyright)
- Inventions (protected by patent)
- Signs for distinguishing goods of an enterprise (protected by trademarks)
- Other elements of industrial property, such as utility models and designs
Intellectual property rights are divided into two main categories: Industrial Property Rights and Copyrights and related rights. Industrial property refers to inventions (through patents and utility models), trademarks and industrial designs, etc. Copyrights refer to literary and artistic works such as novels, poems, plays, films, musical works, drawings, paintings, photographs, sculptures, and architectural designs. Rights related to these areas are called “author’s rights”. Rights related to copyright include those of performing artists in their performances, producers of phonograms in their recordings, and those of broadcasters in their radio and television programmes. These are called “neighbouring rights”.
This section will provide you with more information about the Japanese protection system for intellectual property, the main procedures to follow and the major costs involved.
Table of Contents
- Legal Framework
- Industrial Property Rights, Responsible Institutions and Procedures
- Patent Rights
- Utility Model Rights
- Design Rights
- Trademark Rights
- Revision of the Trademark Law
- Legal Aspects of Copyright Regulation in Japan
- Validity and Expiration Dates of IPR
- Responsible Courts Dealing with IPR Issues
- Summary Table Including Expenses
- What to do in case your IPR is infringed?
- Annual Report
- Further Reading
- Relevant Organisations and Trade Fairs